Psalm 32:1–2 (ESV) … “Blessed is the one whose transgression is forgiven,
whose sin is covered. Blessed is the man against whom the LORD counts no iniquity,
and in whose spirit there is no deceit.”
Ver. 1.—Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, and whose sin is covered. There are three aspects under which sin is viewed in Holy Scripture: 1. As an offence against God’s Law. This is “transgression”—ἀνομία. 2. As an offence against the eternal and immutable rule of right. This is “sin”—ἁμαρτία. 3. As an internal depravation and defilement of the sinner’s soul. This is “iniquity”—ἀδικία (comp. Exod. 34:7). Each aspect of sin has its own especial remedy, or manner of removal. The “transgression” is “lifted up,” “taken away”—αἵρεται, ἀφαίρεται—more vaguely ἀφίεται. The “sin” is “covered,” “hidden”—καλύπτεται, ἐπικαλύπτεται. The “iniquity” is “not imputed”—οὐ λογίζεται. The union of all three, as here in vers. 1, 2, is complete remission or forgiveness.
Ver. 2.—Blessed is the man unto whom the Lord imputeth not iniquity. “Iniquity”—the defilement of the sinner’s own soul by sin—is not at once removable; if removable at all, it is only so by long lapse of time, and God’s special mercy. But God can, at his own will and at any moment, “not impute” it—not count it against the sinner to his detriment. Then in God’s sight the man is clean; it is as though the iniquity were not there. And in whose spirit there is no guile; i.e. no false seeming—no hypocrisy—where repentance has been sincere and real.
In Christ & Friends Always,